High Yield Reviews
aka "Oral Thrush"
Most common oral fungal infection, often by Candida albicans
Commonly described as being a plaque in the oral cavity (tongue, mouth, esophagus) that can be "wiped off" with scraping
Hence the "pseudomembrane" descriptor often used
Neutrophils on surface
Yeast & Pseudohyphae piercing the squamous epithelium
Flaking/Flakey squamous "tufts"
"Shish-ka-bob" of fungal pseudophyphae "spearing" the squamous epithelium
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These are clinical terms to describe the appearance of a plaque
LEUKOplakia= WHITE plaque
ERYTHROplakia= RED plaque
Leukoerythroplakia= Red & White
Usually present on the lateral tongue
Can represent infection, hyperkeratosis, hyperplasia, dysplasia, or even cancer
Oral hairy leukoplakia (shown right) occurs in HIV patients and is associated with EBV (Epstein Barr Virus)